Glossary

Wondrous Roots Botanical Apothecary

Ingredients

 

NUTRITIVE BASE OILS

 

Extra-Virgin Olive Oil (Olea Europaea) Contains polyphenol antioxidants that help prevent and repair damage to the skin, such as occurs in over-exposure to the sun. 

 

Extra-Virgin Fractionated Coconut Oil (Cocos nucifera)  Prevents destructive free radical formation.  Helps keep the skin from developing liver spots and blemishes caused by aging and overexposure to sunlight.  Helps keep connective tissues strong so that skin doesn't sag and wrinkle.  

 

Grape Seed Oil (Vitis vinifera)  Tightens and tones, non-comedogenic, great moisturizer for acne-prone skin. Rich in fatty acids that nourish skin cells. Contains proanthocyanidin antioxidants that diminish the sun's damaging effects and lessen free radical damage. Promotes wound healing.  Most useful when fighting the ravages of aging.

 

Sesame Oil (Sesamum indicum)  From pure expeller-pressed Sesame seeds. Naturally active in vitamins A and E and essential proteins.

 

 

ROOTS, LEAVES, FLOWERS, STEMS, BERRIES

 

Burdock Root (Arctium lappa)  Burdock root has been used extensively in ointments to treat various skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis. 

 

Calendula Flower (Calendula officinalis)  Prevents free radical formation and protects cells from their destructive effects. Anti-bactericidal, anti-infective, heals wounds. 

 

Chamomile Flowers (Matricaria chamomilla) Ideal for dry and sensitive skin. Naturally rich in properties that reduce redness and soothes sensitive skin that is irritated or inflamed.

 

Cilantro Leaf (Coriandrum sativum) Acts as a natural anti-septic and anti-fungal agent for skin disorders like fungal infections and eczema.

 

Cleavers Herb (Galium aparine) has traditionally used for psoriasis and other skin irritations.  A salve has also been used for burns and scalds.  Used in treating skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, and other skin eruptions.  Tightens loose and sagging skin due to wrinkling.

 

Common Plantain (Plantago major) Its leaves have astringent, soothing properties and encourage wound healing. Often included in skin-healing salves, topically applied plantain will antidote the black widow spider bite, brown recluse, and any other insect sting or bite, due to it's incredible drawing power. 

 

Gunpowder Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) contains potent anti-inflammatory agents, reducing inflammation in the skin and, most importantly, having an inhibitory action on collagenase, a collagen-reducing enzyme that breaks down collagen. Since green tea helps to inhibit collagenase, the topical use of green tea helps to promote the health and quantity of collagen, thereby maintaining a firm and elastic skin.  In one clinical trial is was shown that the skin had measurably more elastic tissue content after continuous application of a product containing green tea.

 

Green Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) Used for many years in South Africa to relieve eczema and other skin conditions when applied topically. Rooibos is rich in antioxidants.

 

Jasmine Flowers (Jasminum polyanthum)  Reduces the production of oil on oily skin, aids in clearing acne. Used as a moisturizer for dry, sensitive skin and to sooth skin irritations.

 

Lavender Flowers (Lavandula angustifolia) From the Latin 'lavare,' meaning to wash, was commonly used to bathe wounds, prevent infection and care for a number of skin ailments -- from insect bites to burns. It has soothing, antiseptic qualities that make it a perfect remedy for inflammatory skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, sunburn and the like.

 

Lemon Balm(Melissa officinalis) The tannins and polyphenols in lemon balm extracts have antibacterial and antiviral effects and are noted for speeding wound recovery time. 

 

Parsley Leaf (Petroselinum crispum)    Very high in vitamin C, which may nourish the skin to reduce fine lines, scars, blemishes, and reduce pore size by stimulating production of collagen, necessary for cell reproduction and repair.  Promotes faster grown of new skin. New skin doesn't typically contain damaged cells, so blemishes and unevenness are quickly sloughed away and replaced by smooth skin. 

 

Passionflower Herb (Passiflora incarnata)  Used over burns, in anti-aging creams, for hemorrhoid inflammation and pain.

 

Peppermint - Peppermint is known to balance the pH levels of the skin. This helps balance the production of excessive oils in the skin, thereby reducing overall acne and breakouts. The astringent, antiseptic and anti inflammatory properties of peppermint help diminish the appearance of acne, blackheads, rashes and redness of the skin.

 

Periwinkle Herb (Vinca minor)  Used as a remedy for various skin disorders. 

 

Plantain Leaf   Common Plantain (Plantago major) Its leaves have astringent, soothing properties and encourage wound healing. Often included in skin-healing salves, topically applied plantain will antidote the black widow spider bite, brown recluse, and any other insect sting or bite, due to it's incredible drawing power. 

 

Red Root (Ceanothus americanus)  Red root is astringent, producing a nice toning effect to the skin without drying.  Native Americans used as a poultice to treat skin cancers.

 

Rose Petals & Hips(Rosa canina)   Suitable for all skin types but especially valuable for dry, sensitive or aging skins. It has a tonic and astringent effect on the capillaries just below the skin surface, which makes it useful in diminishing the redness caused by enlarged capillaries.

 

Sage Leaf (Salvia officinalis Tricolor) can help relieve itching and acts as an astringent.

 

Schisandra Berry (Schisandra chinensis)  Helps the skin hold moisture and become full and beautiful. Increases mitochondrial energy for a more youthful complexion. 

 

Skullcap Herb (Scutellaria lateriflora) -  Traditionally used for skin infection and inflammation.

 

Shepherd’s Purse Herb  Externally, Shepherd's purse can be used topically on lacerations and traumatic skin injuries to stop bleeding. It also promotes healing. Some herbalists use it to treat eczema and skin rashes. It can also be used for varicose veins and bruising.

 

Slippery Elm Bark (Ulmus Rubra) Native Americans used slippery elm in healing salves for wounds, boils, ulcers, burns, and skin inflammation.

 

St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum)  In a 2003 study reported in the journal Phytomedicine, researchers found that a cream containing St. John's wort was significantly more effective than a placebo in relieving atopic dermatitis. Traditionally used to heal burns and wounds.

 

Yarrow Flowers (Achillea millefoleum)  Yarrow infusions have been used to treat skin conditions such as eczema. 

 

Watercress Herb (Nasturtium officinale)  Very high in vitamin C among other vitamins and minerals. Used to help heal blemishes or pimples. Helps skin blotches and spots disappear.

 

 

MORE SKIN-NOURISHING OILS

 

Apricot Kernal Oil (Prunus armeniaca) A wonderful oil similar to Sweet Almond but more suitable for sensitive and prematurely aged skin. 

 

Castor Oil (Ricinus communis)  Acts as a barrier agent and protective medium against harsh conditions and extremes.  Very soothing to the skin when included in cosmetics. 

 

Hazelnut Oil  (Corylus avellana) Known for its astringent qualities and because of this, it is best used for those who have oily skin but do not want to abstain from using oils.

 

Kukui Nut Oil(Aleurites moluccana) Readily absorbed into the skin, it provides tissues with essential elements it needs and is especially good for dry skin, psoriasis, acne, and eczema. 

 

Macadamia Nut Oil (Macadamia integrifolia) One of the best regenerative oils available. Used as a healing oil for scars, sunburns, minor wounds, and other irritations.

 

Meadowfoam Seed Oil (Limnanthes alba) contains over 98% long-chain fatty acids and is prized for applications requiring a moisturizing, rejuvenating effect to the skin. 

 

Rosehip Seed Oil (Rosa canina) Very high in essential fatty acids, so great for dry, weathered, dehydrated skin.  Helps with scars and prized for wrinkles and premature aging.

 

Safflower Oil (Carthamus tintorius)   Highly moisturizing with an exceptionally high amount of oleic acids.  Deeply soothing and moisturizing.

 

Sea Buckthorn Oil (Hippophae rhamnoides) Highly prized for treating ulcerations, scar tissue, wrinkles, eczema, burns, etc. Cold extracted from whole Sea Buckthorn berries.

 

Sweet Almond Oil  (Prunus dulcis) Great for all skin types as an acting emollient. Best known for its ability to soften, soothe, and re-condition the skin.

 

Tamanu Oil (Calophyllum inophyllum) 100% pure and cold pressed. Thoroughly researched, the conclusive evidence regarding its ability to heal damaged skin is overwhelming.  Its benefits are notable for the treatment of scarring, stretch marks, minor cuts and abrasions, rashes, sores, and more.

 

Wheat Germ Oil (Triticum vulgare) Natural source of Vitamin E, A, D, proteins, lecithin, and squalene. For rough skin, cracking, chaffing, and wrinkling.

 

 

THE ESSENTIAL OILS

 

Carrot Seed  (Daucus carota) Detoxifying and beneficial for dry, mature skin-types and can help to restore elasticity to the skin and could therefore reduce wrinkles.

 

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)  Long history of use in treating skin conditions and for its anti-inflammatory properties, helping to ease and soothe sensitive or damaged skin.

 

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates)  Helps the skin eliminate wastes and toxins, therefore it is supposed to revitalize sagging, sallow skin such as that of smokers and people with repetitive stress.  It is prized for its astringent properties, as well.

 

Parsley Seed (Petroselinum sativum) Astringent, antiseptic, anti-microbial.

 

Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) (Family, Geraniaceae) France - Exerts a "balancing" effect on skin and is therefore useful for all skin types. Used to treat eczema and psoriasis.

 

Rose Absolute (Family, Rosaceae) Morocco - Known as the Queen of oils. Excellent skin-care oil, perfect for dry/mature, ageing or thread-veined skin.

 

Vanilla Absolute & Vanilla Oil Blend - (Vanilla planifolia)   An antioxidant that neutralizes damaging free radicals; strengthens against dryness, chapping, and windburn in winter/harsh weather.

 

 

IMMUNE SKIN ADDITIONS

 

Beta Glucan 1,3-1,6  Beta glucan is a polysaccharide grown on mushrooms, yeast, and oats.   We use beta glucan grown on yeast.   When applied to the skin, it brings the immune system up to the dermal layers and fights bacteria associated with acne and other skin issues."

 

Boron is a trace mineral.  When it comes to the skin, it is a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor (PDE-4), which means it helps keep cells from overmultiplying, as is seen in skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.   

 

Coleus forskohlii - A plant with PDE4-inhibiting properties similar to boron.   

 

Vitamin D3 Skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis are associated with low vitamin D levels.  

 

 

ESSENTIAL IMMUNE OIL ADDITIONS

 

Cedarwood Atlas Eczema is a common skin disorder that causes dry, red, itchy skin that can blister or crack. Some users find that cedarwood essential oil reduces the unpleasant inflammation and dryness that comes with eczema.

 

Litsea cubeba  When it comes to the skin, the application of May Chang Essential (Litsea Cubeba) Oil is known to cure almost all problems. The combination of this oil and a suitable carrier oil helps treat severe problems like eczemapsoriasisdermatitis, cellulite and skin allergies. 

 

Frankincense Frankincense Oil reduces redness and skin irritation while producing a more even skin tone. Studies show the steroid-like structure of this oil soothes irritated skin and reduces inflammation.

 

Myrrh Myrrh oil has been used to treat skin problems for a long time now. It is very handy to treat wounds, scars, skin irritations, acne and eczema. It’s anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties makes it a great remedy for acne.

 

Thyme  Thyme oil protects the skin from harmful bacteria and fungal infections; it also works as a home remedy for acne; heals sores, wounds, cuts and scars; relieves burns; and naturally remedies rashes.

 

 

PROUD PARTICIPANTS

 

Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)   Widely used for the treatment of various skin conditions; minor burns, sunburn, cuts and abrasions, wounds, and frostbite.

 

Beeswax  Locks in moisture and protects skin from damaging environmental factors. It softens skin and creates a long-lasting protective coating against the elements. It also is a naturally nourishing moisturizer as well as being anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-allergenic and a germicidal antioxidant.

 

Citrus Seed Extract  not just grapefruit seed, but the full citrus seed spectrum for superior anti-bacterial & preservative qualities. Vitamin E acetate - for preservative properties.

 

Vegetable Emulsifying Wax Used with the beeswax to create a lovely cream that doesn’t separate.

 

Vitamin E (acetate)  antioxidant properties and preservation of the cream.